Naples is the third largest city of Italy, after Rome and Milan and it is also one of the oldest cities in the world. Situated in the region of Campania, Naples is one of Europe's most visited cities because of it's beauty, importance and charm. Witness to that is the port of Naples, it has the world's second-highest level of passenger flow, after the one in Hong Kong. UNESCO names Naples as the City of Literature because it's cultural diversity and a World Heritage Site because of the city's historic centre. There are numerous historical and cultural sites in the vicinity of Naples as well. The Palace of Caserta is just breathtaking and a must see for tourists. The ruins of Pompeii and Herculaneum should be on your "to visit" list as well, if you decide to visit the proximity of Naples. As an interesting fact, you should know that Naples is the city where the mandolin was invented. But what's even more interesting is that Naples is where pizza was invented as well. The famous and tasty pizza was invented right here and one particular type, the Neapolitan pizza, is actually a Traditional Specialty Guaranteed dish in Europe. As the largest city in Southern Italy, Naples has a lot of places to visit. First of all, there are a few castles and palaces that tourists find very attractive. The Castel Nuovo is a famous landmark in Naples. There were quite a few historical events that happened here, one of them is the one in December 1294, when Pope Celestine V resigned as Pope in this very castle. Castel dell'Ovo, or The Egg Castle, as it literally translates, received it's name from a legend about the Roman poet Virgil. It is said that he was a sorcerer and had put a magical egg in the foundation to support the walls of the castle. If you're interested in visiting a museum in Naples, try the Naples National Archaeological Museum. It has one of the largest collections of Roman artifacts in the world. The Museum of Capodimonte is also an interesting place to check out if you're interested to see some great paintings dating back to the 13th century. Naples also has hundreds of Churches you can visit. The Cathedral of Naples is one of the most important ones, especially if you come here in September. Every year, on September 19th, the Church houses the Miracle of the Blood. During The Miracle, it is said that the blood of Januarius turns to liquid when brought close to relics said to be of his body. Legend also says that if the blood does not liquefy, disaster will strike upon Naples. No matter what time of the year you come to Naples though, you're guaranteed to have a wonderful time. Whether you decide to visit the museums and landmarks or if you want to relax and enjoy a nice afternoon in the many parks and gardens the city has, you will surely remember Naples as one of the most beautiful cities in Europe.